The rounded varieties, which are very commercial, were first discovered in Salvador in 1822 as a result of natural mutation, and the US ambassador sent a sapling to Washington D.C. and the US administration sent the plant to California. Here, rigorous research had been performed on the sapling and the variety. The plant's name, being called the plant that came from Washington D.C, has remained as Washington. It is the kind that reaches ripeness in December and January and it is unrivaled on the table. The only disadvantage is that it is sensitive to the stapborn virus, which is also called BAHIA. It is also called thorny Washington in our country because of its long thorns during the sapling phase. Washington is an important rounded orange in Navel Brazil. It was produced from Bahia orange mutation in 1907. It is an oval and a sweet juicy variety, easily peeled. A quality product can be obtained especially on troyer rootstock. Its greatest feature is its resistance to the post-harvest diseases.
Valencia, originating in Spain, was brought to our country from Italy. This variety, which is limited in our country, is an orange variety which is produced the most in the world as late season oranges. Despite the fact that the harvest starts in March-April, the ideal ripeness period occurs in early June. Its harvesting must be completed before July at the latest. Because, from this month, the fruit flesh begins to degrade (granulation). Fruit diameter is approx. 68-71 mm according to different ecological conditions, fruit length is 67-73 mm and the fruit weight may vary between 150-160 gr. Fruit juice rate varies between 45-54%. For this reason, it is a very important variety for both juicing and eating. The tree is good at adapting to different ecological conditions and it is at the top of the varieties that are the most resistant to high temperature.
It is said that it was brought to Finike from Rhodes between 1870-1872. The shape of the fruit may vary according to the condition of the crop. If the fruit set is few, it is in the elliptic shape, and if the fruit set is high, it is in the round shape. According to this, the fruit diameter varies between 74-78 mm, the length between 76-80 mm and the fruit weight between 165-240 gr. This variety, whose fruit juice ratio is between 38-46%, can stay on the tree for a long time since it has pips. The harvest season is March-April, and it is suitable to consume as eating* or as juice.
Its origin is from Italy and it has not been spread until today but there has been a tendency to spread in recent years. This variety, which is known for its red flesh, adapts sufficiently to different ecological conditions. Based on these different conditions, the average fruit diameter varies between 65-75 mm and the fruit length varies between 66-85 mm. Likewise, the average fruit weight ranges from 142 to 185 gr. Although the fruits of this type ripen in December, the proper harvest occurs in the 2nd week of January. Due to the fact that ripe fruits are inclined to fall, the harvest should not be delayed. This kind, which is suitable for packing and long road transportation, is also suitable for consumption by squeezing due to its high fruit juice ratio (juice) 38.5%. It is a variety that has periodicity.
It takes the name of Jaffa, a city in Palestine, because it was available in that city in the time of the Ottomans. The greatest advantage of this table orange, which was known as the king of oranges before the rounded oranges, is that it is easily peeled and separated into slices. The rate of its juice is low. It has a perfect scent and its own unique smell especially at the end of February. The fruit is easily peeled off and separated into slices. The rate of its juice is low. It has a perfect scent and its own unique smell especially at the end of February. The external form of the fruit is slightly oval. Its disadvantage is that the tree gives the fruit late, and it is necessary to be very knowledgeable about the fertilization. Otherwise, the fruits will be large and thick-skinned.
It is a transient variety, which is originally from Australia. It was found in 1950. Its fruit is small and rate of sugar is high. It can be kept on the tree until June. It has a wonderful scent and smell in April. The most significant disadvantage of this kind is that the fruits are not uniform.