Satsuma mandarin variety came to Rize region for the first time through Batum at the beginning of 1990's. Although it was tried in different regions of Anatolia after this region, Gümüldür and Seferihisar regions of İzmir have become the most important ecological areas for this product. Although there is limited production in other regions, its spreading is restricted due to rootstock and ecological differences. The most important factor limiting this development is the rootstock (three-leafed) can only adapt to the lands with pH rate between 4.56.0. For this reason, it carries the quality of being the specific citrus variety of our particular regions. The kind with no pips is the leading of the earliest varieties of mandarin. Harvesting in cultures that are vaccinated on three leaves begins on the first week of October. Fruits are flat shaped, average fruit diameter is 51.22 mm, length is 51.22 mm, weight is 99.59 gr. It is the most important variety of mandarin for exports in our country.
It originated from Algeria and it was first introduced to our country by Antalya Citrus Station from Italy in 1936. Nowadays, it is mostly grown in the Mediterranean region. There is incompatibility (sexual incompatibility) in the Clementine mandarin. The fruits have no pip in a closed Clementine garden. If there are any mandarin or other citrus fruits with pip that are fertile in the garden or somewhere near, the fruit with pip comes to existence. There may also be differences in terms of pip in fruits which are inside or outside parts of the tree. It is an example for a flat fruit with an average diameter of 53.26 mm, a length of 47.17 mm and a weight of 67.37 gr. It is an early kind like Satsuma, and the harvest starts in mid-October.
Its origin is from Italy and it has not been spread until today but there has been a tendency to spread in recent years. This variety, which is known for its red flesh, adapts sufficiently to different geological conditions. Based on these different conditions, the average fruit diameter varies between 65-75 mm and the fruit length varies between 66-85 mm. Likewise, it adapts sufficiently to the environment. Based on these different conditions, the average fruit diameter varies between 65-75 mm and the fruit length varies between 66-85 mm. Likewise, the average fruit weight ranges from 142 to 185 gr. Although the fruits of this type ripen in December, the proper harvest occurs in the 2nd week of January. Due to the fact that ripe fruits are inclined to fall, the harvest should not be delayed. This variety, which is suitable for packing and long road transportation, is also suitable for consumption by squeezing due to its high fruit juice ratio of 38.5%. It is a variety that has periodicity.